segunda-feira, 9 de fevereiro de 2009
Women at Work in Britain
"In peacetime Britain women were not treated equally at work. Many jobs were closed to them completely.But by 1915 there was an acute shortage of workers as so many men had gone off to fight. In this situation employers and Trade Unions relaxed their rules and took on women workers." (p.19)[...]
"Women showed they could do many jobs for which they had previously been thought incapable.The national crisis of the war overcame male prejudices as nothing else could. Men were obliged to revise their opinions about whether women should work and what work they could do." (p.20)
"Although many women lost their jobs after the war when soldiers came home, their contribution to the war effort meant that many men had to change their views about women´s equality."
"In 1918 a restricted number of women (women over 30 who were local government electors or married to local government electors, about 60% of all women) gained the right to vote for the first time."
"Although they were paid less than man for the same work, women war workers also enjoyed the freedom which a job and a wage gave them. Even when they lost their jobs after the war, their self-respect and confidence was not lost." (p.20)
Culpin, C. Making History. London: Harper Collins Publications,1996.